By Brian Rapper, Caitriona McLeish
On account that September eleven, governments and the general public at huge in lots of nations have raised critical matters approximately medical study within the lifestyles sciences that will inadvertently facilitate the advance of organic or chemical guns. This state of the art quantity examines the total volume of the problems and debates.Coverage contains an summary of modern medical achievements in virology, microbiology, immunology and genetic engineering so as to asking how they may facilitate the creation of guns of mass destruction via kingdom, sub-state or terrorist organisations. awareness is given to what we now have and haven’t discovered from the earlier. making use of either educational research and reflections by way of practitioners, the publication examines the security-inspired governance regimes for the lifestyles sciences which are less than improvement. eventually the authors study what's required to shape a accomplished and practicable “web of prevention” and spotlight the significance of encouraging discussions among lecturers and coverage makers in regards to the governance of important yet almost certainly risky examine.
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Additional resources for A Web of Prevention: Biological Weapons, Life Sciences and the Future Governance of Research
This is partly a response to the changing nature of the challenges that modern diplomats face. A key facet of the varying nature of diplomacy is the emergence of civil society as a significant actor in world politics. In its 2004 report, the Panel of Eminent Persons on United Nations–Civil Society Relations stated that ‘the rise of civil society is, indeed, one of the landmark events of our times. Global governance is no longer the sole domain of governments’ (UN, 2004). Another key factor is the role now played by private industry and the ‘increased contemporary significance of an upward trend in the management of global affairs by economic actors’ (Cutler et al, 1999, p4).
The InterAcademy Panel on International Issues (IAP), which is a global network of science academies, echoes this view: In recent decades, scientific research has created new and unexpected knowledge and technologies that offer unprecedented opportunities to improve human and animal health and environmental conditions. But some science and technology can be used for destructive purposes, as well as for constructive purposes. Scientists have a special responsibility when it comes to problems of ‘dual use’ and the misuse of science and technology.
Although controls on the transfer of technology, the dissemination of information and associated monitoring of scientists to prevent harmful information being made public has been flagged positively as part of a web of prevention, Balmer notes in Chapter 11 that the spectre of undue censorship and excessive secrecy can follow rapidly in its wake. Contributing to contemporary debates about transparency and secrecy and the dissemination of certain forms of scientific research, Balmer reflects on the operation of secrecy in the British biological 3213 J&J A Web of Prevention 31/8/07 2:40 pm Page 11 Introduction 11 weapons programme, noting that secrecy can be constructed, lost and restored through the use of rumour and gossip.