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By Paul Dukes

Is today’s Russia able to democracy, the loose industry, and a pluralist ideology? during this re-creation of A historical past of Russia, Paul Dukes investigates those questions, taking into complete account the intense alterations that experience happened because the arrival of first Mikhail Gorbachev after which Boris Yeltsin. considerably accelerated and rewritten, this re-creation units those occasions in the context of over 1100 years of Russian background. Dukes reports the successive stages in Russian historical past from medieval Kiev and Muscovy to the present post-Soviet Union, with precise sections on political, monetary, and cultural elements of every period.
With its breadth of scope and conciseness of presentation, this 3rd variation of A heritage of Russia should be useful to scholars of eu and Russian heritage, and in addition to scholars of Russian language, literature, and social science.

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24 The implication of the foregoing description is to express agreement with the second of these two views. ' He continued: 20 MEDIEVAL RUSSIA: KIEV TO MOSCOW You no sooner cross the threshold than you come under the spell of its grandeur and magnificence: its imposing interior, its austere proportions, its ornate mosaics and frescoes captivate you by their perfection even before you have had an opportunity to examine the details and to comprehend what it was the creators of this outstanding work of architecture and painting had in mind.

Initially supported by the Church and by many boyars, Mikhail was the first to adopt the title 'Grand Prince of All Russia', and he attempted to make the title into more of a reality by asserting his authority over Novgorod and other cities in particular. But Iurii continued to oppose Mikhail's rule, and won the Tatars over to his side, marrying the khan's sister. Mikhail was executed in 1318 for resisting the decision of the Golden Horde to replace him as Grand Prince by Iurii. The reign of Iurii was troubled in turn until 1324, when he was assassinated by the son of Mikhail.

Closely linked with central and western Europe, by trade, culture, and diplomacy, above all by the consciousness of belonging to one world of Christendom, where, for the most part, there was still no Hellene nor Latin, but a common culture and a common faith. It is highly significant that Russia entered the European family of nations through her conversion to Christianity, for which she is indebted to Byzantium. The heritage of East Rome was not, as it is sometimes suggested, Russia's 'mark of the beast' that isolated her from medieval Europe: it was, in fact, the main channel through which she became a European nation.

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