By Lois N. Magner
Stressing significant issues within the heritage of drugs, this moment variation stimulates extra exploration of the occasions, methodologies, and theories that formed scientific practices in a long time previous and in glossy scientific practice-highlighting the practices of civilizations around the globe, in addition to the study of pioneering scientists and physicians who contributed to our present knowing of healthiness and ailment.
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Extra resources for A History of Medicine
The laws did, however, refer to women who served as wet nurses (women who provided breast milk for the infants of other women). If a seignior gave his son to a wet nurse and the child died, her breasts could be cut off if she had taken in other infants without informing the parents. Obviously, such a woman would never commit that offense again. In excavating the remains of ancient Mesopotamian cities, archaeologists continue to unearth thousands of cuneiform tablets. Most refer to mundane business transactions and political matters, but as new texts are painstakingly deciphered our picture of Mesopotamian civilizations may well undergo profound changes.
Researchers are now able to convert data from CT scans into realistic three-dimensional (3D) images of mummies without removing the outer wrappings. Using this method, scientists can explore previously unknown aspects of Egyptian burial rituals and ﬁnd artifacts placed inside mummies, such a ceramic bowl that appeared in images of the head of a three thousand-year-old mummy. Carbon-14 dating can be used to estimate the age of mummies, if uncontaminated samples of ﬂesh or bone collagen are used.
Although these inscriptions were apparently created about 5,250 years ago, they seem to resemble later hieroglyphs. Some scholars believe the inscription represents an early stage of writing, or protohieroglyphs. Similar symbols—inscribed on ivory, bone, and pottery— were found by archaeologists excavating a royal tomb at Abydos, which supports the conclusion that they represent the beginning of Egyptian script. These ﬁndings suggest that phonetic elements were present in Egyptian inscriptions before the Mesopotamian symbols reached their mature format.